How many car parts do you know the names of?List of names of car exterior parts



車 部品、部位名称

If you don’t know much about cars, you may not understand the names of parts and components when you hear them.

Have you ever had the experience of not being able to understand a car when it is explained to you in technical terms, or not being able to communicate well even if you wanted to explain it yourself?

But don’t worry.
This video explains the names of exterior parts and components in an easy-to-understand manner.

The names introduced here are the basic names of exterior parts, so it’s useful to remember them.

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How many do you know? Explanation of the names of automobile exterior parts!

Car exterior Part name

Nissan X-TRAIL Name-of-the-car-part1
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This is attached to the front section and can be opened or closed. In most hood-type passenger cars, the engine is located at the front, which means that when the hood is opened, there is an engine compartment.

②Front bumpers

It is a part installed at the very front of the car. It protects the engine and other parts of the car in the event of a collision, and also serves to soften the impact on people in the event of a collision. For passenger cars, most bumpers are made of plastic.

③Front fenders

This is a part that is attached to the tire to cover it. It serves as a mudguard to prevent water and stones from splashing around while driving. It also prevents pedestrians from coming into contact with the tire.

Jump to the car’s exterior photo

④Side Sills

These are the parts located under the doors. The body’s side sills themselves are made of metal, but some vehicles are equipped with side sill covers (plastic covers).

⑤Front doors

These are the left and right doors that are located on the front side of the car and are attached to the driver’s and passenger’s seats. The part that you move to open the door is called the door handle. The window glass attached to the door is the door glass.

⑥Rear doors

These doors are located on the rear side of the car and are designed for people to ride in the back seat. There are two types of doors: “swinging doors” that open and “sliding doors” that slide.

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⑦Rear fenders

Similar to the front fender, it also serves to prevent water, stones, etc. from splashing on it, and to prevent pedestrians, etc. from coming into direct contact with the tires. This part is often connected to the body side sills and roof.


This is the part of the car that serves as the roof. It is mainly made of metal, but some roofs are made of glass or carbon.

Sunroofs are skylights installed for ventilation and to let in light.

A convertible is a car that has no roof or a roof that opens.

⑨Back doors(Trunk lid)

This is the door to the rear cargo area. There is a “flip-up type” that opens upward, a “side-opening type” that opens horizontally, and a “coach doors type” that can be opened left or right.

The back door can be made of metal or plastic.

In the case of sedan-type cars, it is called a trunk lid.

Jump to the car’s exterior photo

⑩Rear bumpers

This part is attached to the rear most part of the car. Like the front bumper, it serves to soften the impact of a collision. For passenger cars, most bumpers are made of plastic.

Nissan X-TRAIL Name-of-the-car-part1
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This part is installed near the front of the hood. Its original purpose was to act like an air intake to cool the radiator and engine compartment. There are many different shapes of grilles, but in recent years, design has become more important.

⑫Front windshield wiper

There are two types of wipers: single wiper wipers and double wiper wipers. There are various types of wiper rubbers installed on the windshield wipers, such as those that do not freeze even when the temperature is below freezing.

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⑬Front windshields

The glass in the front of the car protects the occupants from rain, wind, flying rocks, etc. and ensures visibility. Laminated glass” is used, which does not fly apart even if it breaks. It is designed to absorb the impact of a person hitting the car and prevent the person from being ejected out of the car.

Even if the glass is broken by flying debris, it is easy to maintain visibility.


They are installed on both sides of the front to illuminate the front and ensure visibility at night. There are different types of lights, including “halogen,” “HID,” and “LED.”


Tires are in contact with the ground, allowing the car to “run”, “stop”, and “turn”. They also play a role in absorbing shocks from the ground.

There are several types of tires. There are “fuel-efficient tires” that improve fuel efficiency. There are “run-flat tires” that allow you to drive to some extent even if you get a flat tire. There are also “winter tires” that are used when it snows in winter.

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It is integrated with the tire and serves to transmit the power of the car to the tire. There are two main types of wheels: aluminum wheels and steel wheels.

Aluminum wheels

Because it is lightweight, it can easily improve fuel efficiency and is resistant to rust and corrosion. However, they are not as strong as steel. Aluminum wheels are available in a variety of designs, but design may be important in some cases.

Steel wheels

Compared to aluminum, it is stronger and can be kept at a lower price. However, it is susceptible to rust and corrosion and is heavy in weight.

⑰Side-view mirrors

These mirrors, also known as side view mirrors, are attached to the doors and are used to check the rear of the car from both sides. Some cars also have them mounted on the fenders.

⑱Rear windows

This glass is located in the rear and is attached to the back door and other parts of the car. In order to eliminate fogging, an electric heating wire is attached to the rear glass, and the wire is called a rear window defogger.

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⑲Rear window wipers

It wipes off water droplets and dirt from the rear glass to ensure visibility. It is often installed on estate cars and other vehicles.


It is mounted on the rear of the car and is linked to the headlight switch so that when the headlights are turned on, the taillights also turn on. The tail lights serve to alert the rear of the car’s presence at night.

In most cases, the brake lights are mounted together on the same lens. The brake lights come on when you apply the brakes and serve to let the rear know that you are braking and slowing down.

Jump to the car’s exterior photo


There are many parts in a car, and some people find it hard to remember them. If you can remember the names of the parts, it will be easier for you to explain to the store owner or your friends when you have car problems.

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